A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in by Edward Erwin

By Edward Erwin

More than a century has handed considering the fact that Sigmund Freud started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there is not any consensus approximately his legacy; in its place there's chronic confrontation not just approximately Freud's recognition and position in heritage yet concerning the right criteria to take advantage of in comparing his conception and therapy.

This publication develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and gives a finished overview of, and probably ultimate, verdict on Freud's thought and remedy. not like the other evaluate released up to now, it includes a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental facts and the right kind criteria for analyzing the evidence.

Part I considers the view that Freud's concept may be judged via precise evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common-sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues in contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the common and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different concerns approximately criteria comparable to the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the correct ambitions of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in interpreting consequence data.

The criteria constructed partly I of the booklet are utilized in half II in comparing the easiest to be had Freudian evidence.

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The connection between intention and action cannot be causal, according to Nussbaum (196), because in order to explain an action, the connection must be described by an analytic statement. It must be so described, Nussbaum argues (195–196), because to explain an event, we must ªrst identify it, and that requires that we construct a practical syllogism of the following form: P intends to bring about b. P believes (considers, thinks) he cannot bring about b unless he does a. P does a. The above “syllogism,” Nussbaum contends (195), is best understood as a hypothetical statement, which, he claims, is analytically true.

The case of the man who witnessed the exposed breast is not an actual case; it was made up by Grünbaum (1984, 200) to illustrate a point about causal fallacies. Sachs provides no grounds whatsoever for concluding that if such a case were to occur, the slip of the tongue would likely be caused by a wish to caress. If such a slip were to occur, there might well be other equally plausible alternatives (see Erwin, 1993, 440–441). Questions have also been raised about whether Freud’s aliquis case was not also made up.

Not hypnotized), that the agent is thirsty, that people often drink water to satisfy their thirst, and so on. This background information, not mere thematic afªnity, provides the warrant. That is also true of someone singing the national anthem. If we did not have grounds for thinking that a particular rendition of the anthem was voluntary, or that people generally sing the anthem because they want to, we might very well have no reason to believe that the desire to sing caused the action. Hopkins does have some additional examples, but they, too, fail to help his case.

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