By Mohamed Samer
Read or Download Abatement Techniques for Reducing Emissions from Livestock Buildings (SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science) PDF
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Extra resources for Abatement Techniques for Reducing Emissions from Livestock Buildings (SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science)
Additionally, bioﬁltration has been proved to be effective for removing low concentrations of easily biodegradable constituents from air. Together with other advantages such as low cost and less maintenance requirement, bioﬁltration is a promising air pollution control (APC) for reducing odor emission. Several researches have concentrated on media choice, retention time determination, control of operating parameters, and reducing the capital costs. 57 m3 s−1 (Yang and Tugna 1999). Abd El-Bary (2003) elucidated the advantages and disadvantages of bioﬁltration process.
An effective odor amendment must be inexpensive, efﬁcient, and suitable to dairy farm management. , disinfecting or alkaline materials). Extra beneﬁts of an effective odor amendment may offer farmers, in addition to odor and gas emission controls, improved manure handling properties, reduction in 30 3 Emissions Abatement Techniques surface water pollution, and in some cases reduction in the levels of pathogenic bacteria with potential beneﬁt in soil pH adjustment (Wheeler et al. 2011b, c). Manipulating the balance between ammonia and ammonium by lowering the pH value of slurry is another measure to reduce emissions (Stevens et al.
Generally, oxidizing agents are effective in reducing malodors, but only for a short period, due to the large quantities of reagents required for complete oxidation (Wheeler et al. 2011b, c). Natural zeolite, clinoptilolite (an ammonium-selective zeolite), has been shown to enhance adsorption of volatile organic compounds and odor emitted from animal manure due to its high surface area. Cai et al. , acetic acid, butanoic acid, isovaleric acid, dimethyl trisulﬁde, dimethyl sulfone, phenol, indole, and skatole) in poultry manure with a 10 % zeolite topical application.