Bioethics in Complexity: Foundations and Evolutions by Sergio De Risio, Franco F. Orsucci

By Sergio De Risio, Franco F. Orsucci

This e-book experiences the principles of ethics within the heritage of Western pondering. It connects those philosophical concerns with evolutionary thought and modern bioethics, biology and medication, posing new questions for the present dialectics among express and contextual ethics. Novel solutions are offered from complexity thought — self-organization and nonlinear dynamics.

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Additional info for Bioethics in Complexity: Foundations and Evolutions

Sample text

Engage, head-on, with all the serious epistemological 21 Daniel C. Dennett – In Darwin’s Wake, Where Did I Go? problems of understanding methods of discovery,” as Kitcher puts it (1997) in an uncharacteristic overstatement. 17. Darwin himself shows us how to unite the range of possibilities into a single perspective. In the first chapter of Origin of Species, Darwin (1997) introduces his idea of natural selection by an ingenious expository device, an instance of the very gradualism that he was about to discuss.

E. e. claims to universal inter-subjective validity and hence claims to being possibly consented to by all members of an ideal discourse community; and this presupposes simultaneously, that all possible discourse partners have equal rights of judging my arguments; and, if the discourse is taken seriously, it must also presuppose that all partners are equally co-responsible for taking a stand to my arguments, and that means already: answering my questions. If somebody—like R. Rorty—says, philosophical discourse should be only 41 Karl-Otto Apel – Post-Kantian Problems something like “edifying conversation” and therefore did not presuppose universal validity claims, since one may content oneself with trying to persuade a particular audience, then either this very thesis as such performative contradicts itself, or it is no thesis at all and hence is irrelevant for the philosophical discourse, or—in the worst case—Rorty’s statement is an attempt at immunizing his opinion against possible critique; for every serious critique presupposes universal validity-claims, and not just attempts at rhetorically persuading a particular audience.

45 Karl-Otto Apel – Post-Kantian Problems This demand is today much more differentiated and problematic than it could have been in the days of Aristotle. For already the relationship between individual (personal) and collective concerns of the good life has become more problematic. ” Thereby Aristotle still testified for the close and unproblematic relationship that in traditional societies tied together collective and individual (personal) forms of the good life. This changed already in the Hellenistic age, and today the Aristotelian testimony of the close interrelationship or interdependency between personal ethics and the collective ethics is either considered to be a characteristic trait of traditional societies or it is almost polemically confirmed by neo-Aristotelian communitarian philosophers.

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